How safe are women in India?

Recent NCRB ( National Crime Records Bureau) data revealed an alarming picture of the increasing crime rate in India, especially in the number of reported cases on sexual assault and harassment. According to the information provided in the site, India recorded 106 rapes a day. A large number of victims belong to the age category of 0 to 12 years and in 96 percent cases offenders were known to the victims included neighbors, family members, co-workers etc.

Reports show that the capital city is unsafe for the women even after the amending the Nirbhaya Act. Delhi has still witnessed the most rape cases at 1,996 followed by 712 in Mumbai, Pune and Jaipur come next. Hence, there still has been a lack of proper execution of law and order.

Education plays a big role. Since Kerala has the highest literate State, the people are more aware of approaching the police and reporting on crimes. However, States like UP may have a lower crime rate, not necessarily because UP sees fewer crimes than Kerala, but because they go unreported.

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Also, some women are unwilling to report even those incidents that fit the legal definition of rape or attempted rape. This can be due to their successful resistance and the ambiguous feelings that they have about whether the harm that was inflicted reached the level of a criminal act, and their doubts about the integrity of the system to which they have to report.

FACTORS

The factors for this can be determined by the interplay of several factors: Economic, demographic, social, the efficiency of the police and judicial systems, and exposure to the mass media.

The analysis shows- the more affluent a state is, the lower is the incidence of rapes but the effect is small, the effect of alcoholism is contributory and significant; open defecation is associated with higher occurrences of rapes- especially in rural areas; and finally, the higher the conviction rate (i.e., the number of persons convicted/number of persons registered for committing crimes), the lower is the incidents of rape.

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, is it the solution?

Big debates on huge platforms have been carried out on huge platforms and we still don’t seem to have reached a conclusion.

Delhi High Court judge RC Chopra says, “Death is the only thing that a criminal is afraid of. That is why no other law works. In my experience of almost 40 years, I have observed that execution is the only thing that can prevent crimes.”

Although most nations have abolished Capital punishment, over 60% of the world’s population live in the countries where the death penalty is retained, such as China, India, US, Indonesia, Pakistan, Egypt, Iran, etc.

But at the same time, it has also been widely said that the death penalty does not deter the rapists. According to a report, ‘Deterrence & the Death Penalty’ released in 2012 by US-based National Research Council of the National Academics, which analyzed research done for over 30 years on death penalty had no impact on deterring on preventing murders.